Orthodontics is a specialized field that focuses on treating patients who have malocclusions or the improper positioning of the upper and bottom teeth when the mouth is closed. A malocclusion, more popularly known as a bad bite, refers to misaligned, crooked teeth.
Orthodontics may treat the following issues:
- Gaps in between teeth
- Crowded teeth
- Crooked teeth
- Open bite
Crooked or misaligned teeth may lead to health complications. Crowded teeth may lead to periodontal disease due to inability to keep the teeth clean. Misaligned teeth may lead to chipped or fractured teeth, or issues with the temporomandibular joint (the jaw joint) leading to pain or discomfort.
Additionally, misaligned teeth may have an impact on the appearance of someone’s face and smile. This may lead to low self-esteem, embarrassment, and even depression. Malocclusions can also affect speech, eating and oral hygiene.
Orthodontic treatment usually starts when a child is about 12-13 years old, when the teeth have fully developed. However, many adults also receive orthodontic treatment to improve their smile.
To find out if you can benefit from orthodontic treatment, please schedule a consultation.